General information about the DOI system can be found here and here. A DOI name is a digital object identifier for any object of intellectual property. A DOI name provides a means of persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related current data in a structured extensible way. DOI was accepted as an ISO standard in 2010.
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If you have ever tried to follow an URL in an article older than 5-10 years, more often than not you will find that the URL is no longer active. The DOI system is an attempt to overcome this deficiency by providing stable and permanent references for intellectual property on the web.

The MIC journal has implemented the DOI system for every single article published in MIC since the foundation year in 1980. The DOI prefix for MIC is 10.4173 and an individual article has been assigned a DOI on the following format: 10.4173/ For example, the first article published in MIC by Oddvar Hallingstad has the following DOI: 10.4173/mic.1980.1.1 and the following permanent URL This permanent URL links back to the website. If the MIC website is moved in the future, the DOI information will be updated to point to the new address.

Another advantage of the DOI system, is the possibility to register all the references in an article in a structured manner. All the references made in MIC articles starting from 1980 have been submitted into the DOI system. The effect is an increased visibility of MIC articles, which again will lead to a wider audience. MIC also participates in the 'cited-by' system, which can be seen for this article. 'cited-by' shows which other papers have included the actual paper in the reference lists.

The MIC class files for pdfLaTeX found in the Author Information have commands for embedding DOI information in the PDF files. Prospective authors for future MIC articles will receive the DOI identification when the article is accepted. Authors are encouraged to embed the tag into the PDF file themselves using pdflatex prior to publication. Authors are also encouraged to embed DOI tags in their reference lists.

Click on the links below to see the external DOI forward links to MIC:
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DOI Forward Links to MIC for Year: 1993

 Total number of MIC articles in 1993  17
 Total number of DOI citations  66
 Average citations per article   3.88 

1993, Vol. 14, No. 4:
1.Wei Wang and Rolf Henriksen, “Direct adaptive generalized predictive control”, pp. 181-191
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] D. Dumur, P. Boucher and G. Ramond (2000), doi:10.1016/S0007-8506(07)62944-8
[2] G. Ramond, D. Dumur and P. Boucher (1999), doi:10.1109/CDC.1999.832880
[3] I. Ruiz de Argandona, M. Zatarain, A. Illarramendi and J.L. Azpeitia (2005), doi:10.1109/CDC.2005.1582725
[4] G. Ramond, D. Dumur and P. Boucher (2000), doi:10.1109/CCA.2000.897441
[5] Qin Yun and Zhao Dean (2013), doi:10.1109/MAEE.2013.46
[6] Qin Yun, Zhao Dean and Ji Wei (2010), doi:10.1109/CMCE.2010.5610409
[7] Karim Nassiri-Toussi and Wei Ren (1995), doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-8568-2_12
2.Hallvard G. Fjær and Asbjørn Mo, “ALSPEN: a mathematical model for thermal stresses in direct chill casting of aluminium billets”, pp. 193-218
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Hong Xiang Li, Wen Zhen Zhu, Demian Ruvalcaba, Dag Mortensen, Dirk van der Plas, Hallvard Gustav Fjaer and Lin Zhong Zhuang (2016), doi:10.2355/isijinternational.ISIJINT-2016-242
[2] Dag Lindholm, Shahid Akhtar and Dag Mortensen (2020), doi:10.1007/978-3-030-36408-3_140
3.Jens G. BalchenDesign of the Property Transformation in Elementary Nonlinear Decoupling of Multivariable Processes”, pp. 219-227
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Jens G. Balchen and Bjarne Sandrib (1995), doi:10.4173/mic.1995.2.2
[2] Jens G. Balchen and Bjarne Sandrib (1995), doi:10.4173/mic.1995.1.3
[3] Jens G. Balchen and Bjarne Sandrib (1995), doi:10.1016/0959-1524(95)00016-J
[4] Jens G. Balchen (1993), doi:10.4173/mic.1993.3.5
[5] Jens G. Balchen and Bjarne Sandrib (1998), doi:10.4173/mic.1998.1.1
[6] Jens G. Balchen and Bjarne Sandrib (1995), doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-042368-5.50013-7
[7] Jens G. Balchen and Bjarne Sandrib (1994), doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-042229-9.50081-1
[8] Balchen and Sandrib (1994), doi:10.1109/CCA.1994.381272
[9] Jens G. Balchen and Bjarne Sandrib (1995), doi:10.1016/S1474-6670(17)47015-7
[10] Jens G. Balchen and Bjarne Sandrib (1994), doi:10.1016/S1474-6670(17)48198-5
4.Thor I. Fossen and Marit Paulsen, “Adaptive feedback linearization applied to steering of ships”, pp. 229-237
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] S. Jiffri, P. Paoletti, J. E. Cooper and J. E. Mottershead (2014), doi:10.1155/2014/106531
[2] M. A. Unar and D. J. Murray-Smith (1999), doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1115(199906)13:4<203::AID-ACS544>3.0.CO;2-T
[3] R. Simensen and D.J. Murray-Smith (1996), doi:10.1016/S1474-6670(17)43732-3
[4] Chong Zhen, Shakir Jiffri, Daochun Li, Jinwu Xiang and John E. Mottershead (2018), doi:10.1016/j.ymssp.2017.05.048
[5] S. Jiffri, J. E. Mottershead and J. E. Cooper (2014), doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-6585-0_66
[6] Christian Lena, Matteo Bonci and Frans van Walree (2021), doi:10.3233/ISP-201006
[7] Hoang Thi Tu Uyen, Pham Duc Tuan, Le Viet Anh and Phan Xuan Minh (2018), doi:10.1109/ICSSE.2018.8520227
[8] Ze Li, Wangyao Xu, Jinpeng Yu, Chengxi Wang and Guozeng Cui (2022), doi:10.1109/TCSII.2021.3099491
[9] Yanbin Wu, Pengfei Gao, Rui Wu and Jialu Du (2023), doi:10.1007/s12555-021-0782-9
[10] Sveinung Johan Ohrem, Linn Danielsen Evjemo, Bent Oddvar Arnesen Haugalokken, Herman Biorn Amundsen and Eleni Kelasidi (2023), doi:10.1109/MED59994.2023.10185714
1993, Vol. 14, No. 3:
1.Bernt Lie and Jens G. Balchen, “A Comparison of Strategies for the Control of a Polypropene Reactor”, pp. 121-131
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Bernt Lie (1995), doi:10.1007/978-94-011-0135-6_11
2.Espen Hagen and Eilert Heyerdahl, “Navigation by images”, pp. 133-143
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Laura Ruotsalainen and Heidi Kuusniemi (2012), doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-1827-5.ch006
[2] Laura Ruotsalainen and Heidi Kuusniemi (2013), doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-3994-2.ch030
[3] Takayuki Hoshizaki, Dominick Andrisani, Aaron Braun, Ade Mulyana and James Bethel (2003), doi:10.2514/6.2003-5353
[4] T. HOSHIZAKI, D. ANDRISANI, A. W. BRAUN, A. K. MULYANA and J. S. BETHEL (2004), doi:10.1002/j.2161-4296.2004.tb00344.x
[5] GEORGE H. KAPLAN (2011), doi:10.1002/j.2161-4296.2011.tb02580.x
[6] Baheerathan Sivalingam, Ove Kent Hagen, Charles M. Shoemaker, Robert E. Karlsen, Douglas W. Gage and Hoa G. Nguyen (2018), doi:10.1117/12.2301229
3.Ren Guang and Jens G. Balchen, “Finite Element Modelling of the Hydrodynamic Environment of a Small ROV”, pp. 145-159
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] H. Pan and M. Damodaran (2001), doi:10.2514/6.2001-2585
[2] H. Pan and M. Damodaran (2002), doi:10.1002/fld.371
4.Tom KavliFrequency domain synthesis of trajectory learning controllers for robot manipulators”, pp. 161-174
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] W.B.J. Hakvoort, R.G.K.M. Aarts, J. van Dijk and J.B. Jonker (2008), doi:10.1016/j.conengprac.2007.05.002
[2] W.B.J. Hakvoort, R.G.K.M. Aarts, J. van Dijk and J.B. Jonker (2007), doi:10.1109/CDC.2007.4434366
[3] W.B.J. Hakvoort, R.G.K.M. Aarts, J. van Dijk and J.B. Jonker (2006), doi:10.3182/20060906-3-IT-2910.00027
5.Jens G. BalchenA Modified LQG Algorithm (MLQG) for Robust Control of Nonlinear Multivariable Systems”, pp. 175-180
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Dong T. Nguyen and Asgeir J. Sørensen (2009), doi:10.1016/j.conengprac.2009.03.001
[2] Asgeir J. Sørensen, Svein I. Sagatun and Thor I. Fossen (1996), doi:10.4173/mic.1996.2.6
[3] A.J. Sørensen, S.I. Sagatun and T.I. Fossen (1996), doi:10.1016/0967-0661(96)00013-5
[4] Asgeir J. Sørensen, Svein I. Sagatun and Thor I. Fossen (1995), doi:10.1016/S1474-6670(17)51646-8
[5] B. Javling, J.G. Balchen and S. Strand (1993), doi:10.1016/S1474-6670(17)48432-1
[6] Dongya Zhao, Hao Liang and Sarah K Spurgeon (2018), doi:10.1177/0142331218778108
[7] Jens G. Balchen (1998), doi:10.1007/978-94-011-5094-1_10
1993, Vol. 14, No. 2:
1.Elling W. Jacobsen and Sigurd Skogestad, “Dynamics and control of unstable distillation columns”, pp. 59-72
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Moshood J. Olanrewaju, Biao Huang and Artin Afacan (2012), doi:10.1002/aic.12605
[2] Eduardo Castellanos-Sahagu n and Jesu s Alvarez (2011), doi:10.1021/ie101659w
[3] Mahsan Tavakoli-Kakhki and Mohammad Saleh Tavazoei (2014), doi:10.1016/j.jprocont.2014.02.019
[4] Morimasa OGAWA (2022), doi:10.9746/sicetr.58.262
2.Dag Ljungquist, Stig Strand and Jens G. Balchen, “Catalytic cracking models developed for predictive control purposes”, pp. 73-84
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] S.H. Yang, X.Z. Wang, C. McGreavy (Fellow) and Q.H. Chen (1998), doi:10.1205/026387698525126
3.Jon Kvalem, Rolf-Einar Grini and Kjell Haugset, “ISACS, an integrated surveillance and control system”, pp. 85-91
4.Trygve Thomessen, Ole J. Elle, Jon Lund Larsen, Torgrim Andersen, Jahn E. Pedersen and Terje K. Lien, “Automatic programming of grinding robot”, pp. 93-105
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Hee-Chan Song and Jae-Bok Song (2013), doi:10.1007/s12541-013-0013-2
[2] Are Willersrud, Fred Godtliebsen and Trygve Thomessen (1995), doi:10.4173/mic.1995.3.3
[3] M. Jinno, M. Uenohara, J. Oaki and K. Tatsuno (1999), doi:10.1109/IROS.1999.813065
[4] E. Villagrossi, C. Cenati, N. Pedrocchi, M. Beschi and Lorenzo Molinari Tosatti (2017), doi:10.1007/s00170-017-0232-2
[5] Enrico Villagrossi, Nicola Pedrocchi, Manuel Beschi and Lorenzo Molinari Tosatti (2018), doi:10.1080/0951192X.2018.1447688
[6] Rahul M. R., Rohini Y. Bhute, Shital S. Chiddarwar, Saumya Sahoo and Mohsin Dalvi (2019), doi:10.1145/3352593.3352652
[7] Ingrid Fjordheim Onstein, Oleksandr Semeniuta and Magnus Bjerkeng (2020), doi:10.1109/SIMS49386.2020.9121490
[8] Ingrid Fjordheim Onstein, Cecilia Haskins and Oleksandr Semeniuta (2022), doi:10.1002/sys.21625
5.Jan R. Sagli, Inge Spangelo and Olav Egeland, “Resolving redundancy through a weighted damped least-squares solution”, pp. 107-119
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Weihai Chen, Qixian Zhang, Zhen Wu, Jian Li and Luya Li (1998), doi:10.1109/ICSMC.1998.726615
1993, Vol. 14, No. 1:
1.Odd A. Olsen and Jens G. Balchen, “Structured modeling of fish physiology”, pp. 3-26
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Jens G. Balchen (2000), doi:10.4173/mic.2000.1.1
2.Andreas Bye and Eyvind Ness, “Early fault detection and on-line diagnosis in real-time environments”, pp. 27-41
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] A. Mjaavatten and B.A. Foss (1997), doi:10.1016/S0098-1354(97)00001-X
3.Asbjørn Mo and Erik J. Holm, “On the Use of Constitutive Internal Variable Equations for Thermal Stress Predictions in Aluminium Casting”, pp. 43-58
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] N. Jamaly, A.B. Phillion, S.L. Cockcroft and J.-M. Drezet (2012), doi:10.1002/9781118357002.ch34
[2] N. Chobaut, D. Carron, S. Arsène, P. Schloth and J.-M. Drezet (2015), doi:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2015.03.029