“ALSPEN: a mathematical model for thermal stresses in direct chill casting of aluminium billets”

Authors: Hallvard G. Fjær and Asbjørn Mo,
Affiliation: Institute for Energy Technology (IFE) and SINTEF
Reference: 1993, Vol 14, No 4, pp. 193-218.

Keywords: DC casting, aluminium, stress modeling

Abstract: This paper presents the mathematical model ALSPEN, in which the thermally induced strains and stresses which develop during direct chill (DC) semicontinuous casting of aluminium billets are calculated by a finite-element method. The metal is assumed to be an isotropic elastic-viscoplastic material with strongly temperature-dependent properties. In the material description, the viscoplastic strain is treated in a ´unified´ manner, in which low-temperature (approximately) time-independent plasticity and creep at high temperatures occur as special cases. Furthermore, in the numerical time stepping procedure, all of these plastic material properties which are present simultaneously in the solution domain as a result of the large temperature differences, are treated in a similar way. To demonstrate some of the capabilities of ALSPEN, we have modeled the casting of an AlMgSi alloy, AA6063. The material properties of this alloy have been studied in parallel with the development of the mathematical model.

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  title={{ALSPEN: a mathematical model for thermal stresses in direct chill casting of aluminium billets}},
  author={Fjær, Hallvard G. and Mo, Asbjørn},
  journal={Modeling, Identification and Control},
  publisher={Norwegian Society of Automatic Control}