**Page description appears here**

“General Analysis of Directional Ocean Wave Data from Heave Pitch Roll Buoys”

Authors: Stephen F. Barstow and Harald E. Krogstad,
Affiliation: SINTEF
Reference: 1984, Vol 5, No 1, pp. 47-70.

     Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict

Keywords: Ocean waves, wave analysis, buoy measurements, directional wave data

Abstract: Directional ocean wave data is usually analysed using the so-called linear model of the sea surface, but experience has shown that the results may deviate substantially from the predictions of the theory, in particular in the high frequency range. A general theory is presented here which includes the linear model as a special case. Properties of commonly used parameters under the influence of currents and non-linearities are easily explained within the general theory. Some results from the NORWAVE heave/pitch/roll data buoy operated offshore Norway are also presented.

PDF PDF (5073 Kb)        DOI: 10.4173/mic.1984.1.3

DOI forward links to this article:
  [1] Alastair D. Jenkins (1989), doi:10.1007/BF02226291
  [2] Harald E. Krogstad (1988), doi:10.4173/mic.1988.2.3
  [3] Harald E. Krogstad, Stephen F. Barstow, Svein Erik Aasen and Ignacio Rodriguez (1999), doi:10.1016/S0378-3839(99)00031-9
  [4] Rodolfo Piscopia, Andrea Panizzo and Paolo De Girolamo (2004), doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2004.06.002
  [5] S. Barstow and H. Krogstad (1983), doi:10.1109/OCEANS.1983.1152168
  [6] S.F. Barstow, G. Ueland, H.E. Krogstad and B.A. Fossum (1991), doi:10.1109/48.90882

[1] AUDUNSON, T., BARSTOW, S.F., KROGSTAD, H.E. (1982). Analysis of wave directionality from a heave, pitch and roll buoy operated offshore Norway, Proc.. Int. Conf. of wave and wind directionality with application to the design of structures, Edition Technip, Paris, pp. 87-118.
[2] BORGMAN, L.E. (1979). Directional Wave Spectra from Wave Sensors, In Ocean Wave Climate, Ed. M. D. Earle and A. Malahoff, Plenum Press, pp. 269-300.
[3] DUDIS, J.J. (1981). Interpretation of Phase Velocity Measurements of Wind-Generated Surface Waves, J. Fluid Mech., 113, 241-249 doi:10.1017/S0022112081003479
[4] FORRISTALL, G.Z., WARD, E.G., CARDONE, V.J., BORGMAN, L.E. (1978). The Directional Spectra and Kinematics of Surface Gravity Waves in Tropical Storm Delia, J. Phys. Ocean., 8, 888-909.
[5] GIHMAN, I.I., SKOROHOD, A.V. (1980). The Theory of Stochastic Processes, Vol. 1, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.
[6] HASSELMANN, K. (1962). On the Nonlinear Energy Transfer in a Gravity Wave Spectrum, J. Fluid Mech., 12, 481-500.
[7] HASSELMANN, D.E., DUNCKEL, M., EWING, J.A. (1980). Directional Wave Spectra Observed During JONSWAP 1973, J. Phys. Ocean., 10, 1264-1280.
[8] HOGBEN, N. (1982). Directional Wave Spectra Applications 1981, Proc. Int. Conf. of wave and wind directionality with application to the design of structures. Edition Technip, Paris. pp. 151-166.
[9] KITAIGORODSKII, S.A., KRASITSKII, V.P., ZASLAVSKI, M.M. (1975). On Phillips´ Theory of Equilibrium Range in the Spectra of Wind-Generated Gravity Waves, J. Phys. Ocean, 5, 410-420.
[10] LONG, R.B. (1980). The Statistical Evaluation of Directional Spectrum Estimates Derived From Pitch/Roll Buoy Data, J. Phys. Ocean., 9, 373-381.
[11] LONGUET-HIGGINS, M.S. (1956). On the Statistical Theory of a Random Moving Surface, Proc. Comb. Phil. Soc., Ser A, 237, 212-232.
[12] LONGUET-HIGGINS, M.S., CARTWRIGHT, D.E.., SMITH, N.D. (1963). Observations of the Directional Spectrum of Sea Waves Using the Motions of a Floating Buoy, Ocean Wave Spectra, Englewood Cliffs, N.Y., Prentice-Hall, Inc., pp. 111-136 doi:10.1016/0011-7471(65)91457-9
[13] MARDIA, K.V. (1972). Statistics of directional data, Academic Press, London.
[14] MITSUYASU, H., MASUDA, A., KUO, Y.-Y. (1979). The Dispersion Relation of Random Gravity Waves, Part I, J. Fluid. Mech., 92, 771-730 doi:10.1017/S0022112079000847
[15] NEWMAN, N. (1980). Marine Hydrodynamics, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
[16] PHILLIPS, O.M. (1977). The Dynamics of the Upper Ocean, Cambridge University Press.
[17] SNODGRASS, F.E., GROVES, G. W., HASSELMANN, K.F., MILLER, G.R., MUNK, W.H., POWERS, W.H. (1966). Propagation of Ocean Swell across the Pacific, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., London, A259, 431-497.
[18] TORSET, O.P., OLSEN, O.A. (1982). The Need of Directionality for Structure Design, Proc. Int. Conf of wave and wind directionality with application to the design of structures, Edition Technip, Paris, pp. 365-378.

  title={{General Analysis of Directional Ocean Wave Data from Heave Pitch Roll Buoys}},
  author={Barstow, Stephen F. and Krogstad, Harald E.},
  journal={Modeling, Identification and Control},
  publisher={Norwegian Society of Automatic Control}


May 2016: MIC reaches 2000 DOI Forward Links. The first 1000 took 34 years, the next 1000 took 2.5 years.

July 2015: MIC's new impact factor is now 0.778. The number of papers published in 2014 was 21 compared to 15 in 2013, which partially explains the small decrease in impact factor.

Aug 2014: For the 3rd year in a row MIC's impact factor increases. It is now 0.826.

Dec 2013: New database-driven web-design enabling extended statistics. Article number 500 is published and MIC reaches 1000 DOI Forward Links.

Jan 2012: Follow MIC on your smartphone by using the RSS feed.


July 2011: MIC passes 1000 ISI Web of Science citations.

Mar 2010: MIC is now indexed by DOAJ and has received the Sparc Seal seal for open access journals.

Dec 2009: A MIC group is created at LinkedIn and Twitter.

Oct 2009: MIC is now fully updated in ISI Web of Knowledge.