“DP and the Art of Perfect Positioning”

Authors: Stig Kvaal, Per Østby and Morten Breivik,
Affiliation: NTNU and NTNU, Department of Engineering Cybernetics
Reference: 2022, Vol 43, No 4, pp. 141-159.

Keywords: Dynamic positioning, Jens G. Balchen, Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk, Albatross, Offshore vessels

Abstract: How does a vessel keep its position at sea without mooring? The answer is through dynamic positioning, or DP. Advanced technology, combining position reference sensors, computers, propellers and thrusters, is used to counteract environmental forces such as wind, currents and waves to dynamically position the vessel without using anchors or mooring lines. Today, DP systems are found in every ocean region in the world. The Kongsberg DP adventure began in 1975 when Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk signed its first contract. Eighteen months later, an Albatross DP system was installed on board a Norwegian diving vessel in the North Sea. Today, dynamic positioning equipment from the inland town of Kongsberg is found onboard a myriad of ship types including supply vessels, drilling rigs, pipe and cable layers, stone-dumping and bulk vessels, shuttle tankers, crane and lifting vessels, mine hunting vessels, cruise ships, floating hotels and yachts. Dynamic positioning is not limited to keeping a vessel on a fixed location but also to controlling the motions of vessels along predetermined tracks. After over 40 years in business, Kongsberg Maritime still maintains a world-leading position within dynamic positioning. This paper is based on the book “The Jewel in the Crown: Kongsberg Dynamic Positioning Systems 1975 – 2015”, (Kvaal and Østby, 2015).

PDF PDF (4869 Kb)        DOI: 10.4173/mic.2022.4.3

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  title={{DP and the Art of Perfect Positioning}},
  author={Kvaal, Stig and Østby, Per and Breivik, Morten},
  journal={Modeling, Identification and Control},
  publisher={Norwegian Society of Automatic Control}