“Modelling and control of growing slugs in horizontal multiphase pipe flows”

Authors: Steinar M. Elgsæter,
Affiliation: NTNU, Department of Engineering Cybernetics
Reference: 2006, Vol 27, No 3, pp. 157-170.

Keywords: Active slug control, growing slugs, slugs in horizontal pipelines, slug length observer, multiphase flow, multiphase modeling

Abstract: In this paper, the use of active control to restrict the length of growing slugs in horizontal pipelines is investigated. Specifically, the paper attempts to determine if such control can be attained with realistic measurements and actuators. Simulations in OLGA2000 show that a feedback controller can use measurements or estimates of slug length to control the growth of a slug in a horizontal pipeline by partially closing inlet or outlet chokes. A control-volume approach is used to develop a low-order model of inlet choke-slug growth dynamics based on mass- and impulse balances. The resulting model is a system of nonlinear differential-algebraic equations, which is suitable for observer-design. The tuned model is found to be in good agreement with experiments and OLGA2000-simulations. Linearizations of the model are found to be observable around realistic trajectories when rates and pressures at the inlet and outlet are measured. An extended Luenberger-observer is shown to give good estimates of slug length and -position in simulations even under model uncertainty.

PDF PDF (648 Kb)        DOI: 10.4173/mic.2006.3.2

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  title={{Modelling and control of growing slugs in horizontal multiphase pipe flows}},
  author={Elgsæter, Steinar M.},
  journal={Modeling, Identification and Control},
  publisher={Norwegian Society of Automatic Control}