“Norwegian Residential Energy Demand: Coordinated use of a System Engineering and a Macroeconomic Model”

Authors: Tor A Johnsen and Fridtjof F. Unander,
Affiliation: Statistics Norway and Institute for Energy Technology (IFE)
Reference: 1996, Vol 17, No 3, pp. 183-192.

Keywords: Energy, Economy, General equilibrium model, Linear programming model

Abstract: In Norway, the system engineering model MARKAL and the macroeconomic model MSG-EE are both used in studies of national CO2 controlling strategies. MARKAL is a linear programming model that calculates a composite set of technologies necessary to meet demand and environmental constraints at minimised total energy expenditure. MSG-EE is an applied general equilibrium model including the link between economic activity, energy demand and emissions to air. MSG-EE has a theory consistent description of the link between income, prices and energy demand, but the representation of technological improvements is simple. MARKAL has a sophisticated description of future energy technology options, but includes no feedback to the general economy. A project for studying the potential for a coordinated use of these two models was initiated and funded by the Norwegian Research Council (NFR). This paper gives a brief presentation of the two models. Results from independent model calculations show that MARKAL gives a signficant lower residential energy demand than MSG-EE does. This is explained by major differences in modelling approach. A first attempt of coordinating the residential energy demand in the models is reported. This attempt shows that implementing results from MARKAL, in MSG-EE for the residential sector alone gives little impact on the general economy. A further development of an iteration procedure between the models should include all energy using sectors.

PDF PDF (1275 Kb)        DOI: 10.4173/mic.1996.3.2

DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Erik Trømborg, Monica Havskjold, Ole Lislebø and Per Kristian Rørstad (2011), doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2011.08.009
[2] Thomas Martinsen (2011), doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2011.03.025
[3] M. Jagath and I. Davidson (2005), doi:10.1109/PESAFR.2005.1611794
[4] Paolo Pisciella, E. Ruben van Beesten and Asgeir Tomasgard (2023), doi:10.1016/j.energy.2023.129320
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  title={{Norwegian Residential Energy Demand: Coordinated use of a System Engineering and a Macroeconomic Model}},
  author={Johnsen, Tor A and Unander, Fridtjof F.},
  journal={Modeling, Identification and Control},
  publisher={Norwegian Society of Automatic Control}