“3-Dimensional Calculations on Smelting Electrodes”

Authors: Reidar Innvær, Knut Fidje and Terje Sira,
Affiliation: Elkem and Institute for Energy Technology (IFE)
Reference: 1987, Vol 8, No 2, pp. 103-115.

Keywords: Smelting electrode, mathematical model, Maxwell equations

Abstract: Søderberg selfbaking electrodes are used to conduct electric current into the electric reduction furnace. Two-dimensional computer models for the computation of temperatures, electric currents and thermal stresses have been used for a long time in the R&D effort to improve the construction and operation of the electrode.

PDF PDF (1313 Kb)        DOI: 10.4173/mic.1987.2.3

DOI forward links to this article:
[1] A. Bermúdez, J. Bullón and P. Salgado (2003), doi:10.1007/978-88-470-2089-4_21
[2] Alfredo Bermúdez, Rodolfo Rodríguez and Pilar Salgado (2004), doi:10.1007/978-3-642-18775-9_1
[3] Robert A. Van Gorder, Alissa Kamilova, Rolf G. Birkeland and Andrew L. Krause (2021), doi:10.1137/20M1314276
[1] BØCKMAN, O. OLSEN, L. (1968). Skin and proximity effects in electrodes of large smelting furnaces, No. 127, 6th International Congress of Electroheat, Brighton.
[2] ELLEFSEN, G. EVENSEN, K. (1982). Elkem modular electrode holder, ISS/AIME, 40th Electric Furnace Conference, Kansas City.
[3] INNVAER, R. OLSEN, L. (1976). Temperatures in Søderberg electrodes in unsteady state conditions, Id No. 5, 8th International Congress of Electroheat, Liege.
[4] INNVAER, R. OLSEN, L. (1980). Calculation of thermal stresses in Søderberg electrodes, II Cd 1, 9th International Congress of Electroheat, Cannes.
[5] OLSEN, L. (1972). Temperature distribution in Søderberg electrodes, No. 405, 7th International Congress of Electroheat, Warsaw.

  title={{3-Dimensional Calculations on Smelting Electrodes}},
  author={Innvær, Reidar and Fidje, Knut and Sira, Terje},
  journal={Modeling, Identification and Control},
  publisher={Norwegian Society of Automatic Control}