**Page description appears here**

“Automated Kick Control Procedure for an Influx in Managed Pressure Drilling Operations”

Authors: Jing Zhou, Jan Einar Gravdal, Per Strand and Svein Hovland,
Affiliation: University of Agder, International Research Institute of Stavanger (IRIS), Statoil and National Oilwell Varco
Reference: 2016, Vol 37, No 1, pp. 31-40.

     Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict

Keywords: Well Control, MPD, Kick, PWD

Abstract: Within drilling of oil and gas wells, the Managed Pressure Drilling (MPD) method with active control of wellbore pressure during drilling has partly evolved from conventional well control procedures. However, for MPD operations the instrumentation is typically more extensive compared to conventional drilling. Despite this, any influx of formation fluids (commonly known as a kick) during MPD operations is typically handled by conventional well control methods, at least if the kick is estimated to be larger than a threshold value. Conventional well control procedures rely on manual control of the blow out preventer, pumps, and choke valves and do not capitalize on the benefits from the instrumentation level associated with MPD. This paper investigates two alternative well control procedures specially adapted to backpressure MPD: the dynamic shut-in (DSI) procedure and the automatic kick control (AKC) procedure. Both methods capitalize on improvements in Pressure While Drilling (PWD) technology. A commercially available PWD tool buffers high-resolution pressure measurements, which can be used in an automated well control procedure. By using backpressure MPD, the choke valve opening is tuned automatically using a feedback-feedforward control method. The two procedures are evaluated using a high fidelity well flow model and cases from a North Sea drilling operation are simulated. The results show that using AKC procedure reduces the time needed to establish control of the well compared to DSI procedure. It also indicates that the AKC procedure reduces the total kick size compared to the DSI procedure, and thereby reduces the risk of lost circulation.

PDF PDF (1190 Kb)        DOI: 10.4173/mic.2016.1.3

[1] Bacon, W., Tong, A.Y., Gabaldon, O.R., Sugden, C., and Suryanarayana, P. (2012). An improved dynamic well control response to a gas influx in managed pressure drilling operations, In IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, SPE-151392. San Diego, California, USA. doi:10.2118/151392-ms
[2] Breyholtz, O., Nygaard, G., Godhavn, J.-M., and Vefring, E.H. (2009). Evaluating control designs for co-ordinating pump rates and choke valve during managed pressure drilling operations, In IEEE International Conference on Control and Applications. Russia, pages 731 -- 738. doi:10.1109/CCA.2009.5281013
[3] Carlsen, L.A., Nygaard, G., Gravdal, J.E., Nikolaou, M., and Schubert, J. (2008). Performing the dynamic shut-in procedure becasue of a kick incident when using automatic coordinated control of pump rates and chokevalve opening, In SPE/IADC managed Pressure Drilling and Underbalanced Operations Conference and Exhibition, SPE 113693. Abu Dhabi, UAE.
[4] Davoudi, M., Smith, J., and Chirinos, J. (2011). Evaluation of alternative initial responses to kicks taken during managed-pressure drilling, SPE Drilling & Completion, SPE-128424-MS. 26(2):194--203.
[5] Godhavn, J.-M. (2009). Control requirements for high-end automatic MPD operations, In SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exihibition, SPE 119442. Amsterdam, Neitherlands. doi:10.2118/119442-ms
[6] Gravdal, J.E., Lorentzen, R., Fjelde, K., and Vefring, E. (2010). Improved kick management during MPD by real-time pore-pressure estimation, SPE Drilling & Completion, SPE 124054. 25:577--584.
[7] Hannegan, D., Todd, R.J., Pritchard, D.M., and Jonasson, B. (2004). MPD uniquely applicable to methane hydrate drilling, In SPE/IADC Underbalanced Technology Conference and Exhibition, SPE 91560. Houston, Texas, U.S.A.. doi:10.2118/91560-ms
[8] Kaasa, G.O., Stamnes, O.N., Imsland, L., and Aamo, O. (2013). Simplified hydraulics model used for intelligent estimation of downhole pressure for a managed-pressure-drilling control system, SPE Drilling & Completion, SPE 143097. 27:127--138.
[9] Lage, A., Froyen, J., and Saevareid, O. (2000). Underbalanced drilling dynamics: Two-phase flow modeling and experiments, In IADC/SPE Asia Pacific Drilling Technology, SPE -62743-MS. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
[10] Lorentzen, R. and Fjelde, K. (2005). Use of slopelimiter techniques in traditional numerical methods for multi-phase flow in pipelines and wells, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids. 48:723--745. doi:10.1002/fld.952
[11] Nygaard, G., Vefring, E.H., Fjelde, K.-K., Naevdal, G., Lorentzen, R.J., and Mylvaganam, S. (2007). Bottomhole pressure control during drilling operations in gas-dominant wells, SPE Journal, SPE-91578-PA. 12:49--61.
[12] Santos, H., Catak, E., Kinder, J., and Sonnemann, P. (2007). Kick detection and control in oil-based mud: Real well-test results using micro-flux control equipment, In SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, SPE 105454. Amsterdam, Netherlands.
[13] Santos, H., Leuchtenberg, C., and S.Shayegi. (2003). Micro-flux control:the next generation in drilling process for ultra-deepwater, In Offshore Technology Conference. Houston, Texas, USA. doi:10.4043/15062-MS
[14] Siahaan, H.B., Bjørkevoll, K.S., and Gravdal, J.E. (2014). Possibilities of using wired drill pipe telemetry during managed pressure drilling in extended reach wells, In SPE Intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition, SPE 167856. Utrecht, Netherlands.
[15] Smith, J.R. and Patel, B.M. (2012). A proposed method for planning the best initial response to kicks taken during managed-pressure-drilling operations, SPE Drilling & Completion, SPE-143101-PA.. 27(2):194--203.
[16] Zhou, J. and Nygaard, G. (2010). Control and estimation of downhole pressure in managed pressure drilling operations, In Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Communications, Control and Signal Processing. Limassal, Cyrpus. doi:10.1109/isccsp.2010.5463474
[17] Zhou, J. and Nygaard, G. (2011). Automatic model-based control scheme for stabilizing pressure during dual gradient drilling, Journal of Process Control. 21:1138--1147. doi:10.1016/j.jprocont.2011.06.022
[18] Zhou, J., Nygaard, G., Godhavn, J.-M., Breyholtz, O., and Vefring, E.H. (2010). Adaptive observer for kick detection and switched control for bottomhole pressure regulation and kick attenuation during managed pressure drilling, In Proceedings of American Control Conference. USA. doi:10.1109/ACC.2010.5531551
[19] Zhou, J., Stamnes, O.N., Aamo, O.M., and Kaasa, G.-O. (2009). Pressure regulation with kick attenuation in a managed pressure drilling system, In Proceedings of the 48th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control. Shanghai, China. doi:10.1109/CDC.2009.5400792
[20] Zhou, J., Stamnes, O.N., Aamo, O.M., and Kaasa, G.-O. (2011). Switched control for pressure regulation and kick attenuation in a managed pressure drilling system, IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology. 19:337--350. doi:10.1109/TCST.2010.2046517

  title={{Automated Kick Control Procedure for an Influx in Managed Pressure Drilling Operations}},
  author={Zhou, Jing and Gravdal, Jan Einar and Strand, Per and Hovland, Svein},
  journal={Modeling, Identification and Control},
  publisher={Norwegian Society of Automatic Control}


May 2016: MIC reaches 2000 DOI Forward Links. The first 1000 took 34 years, the next 1000 took 2.5 years.

July 2015: MIC's new impact factor is now 0.778. The number of papers published in 2014 was 21 compared to 15 in 2013, which partially explains the small decrease in impact factor.

Aug 2014: For the 3rd year in a row MIC's impact factor increases. It is now 0.826.

Dec 2013: New database-driven web-design enabling extended statistics. Article number 500 is published and MIC reaches 1000 DOI Forward Links.

Jan 2012: Follow MIC on your smartphone by using the RSS feed.


July 2011: MIC passes 1000 ISI Web of Science citations.

Mar 2010: MIC is now indexed by DOAJ and has received the Sparc Seal seal for open access journals.

Dec 2009: A MIC group is created at LinkedIn and Twitter.

Oct 2009: MIC is now fully updated in ISI Web of Knowledge.