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“Pressure Transients and Control in Liquid Propane Caverns”

Authors: Odd A. Asbjørnsen, P.H. Aas and J. Hancke,
Affiliation: Norsk Hydro
Reference: 1981, Vol 2, No 2, pp. 95-106.

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Keywords: Process modelling, process simulation, parameter estimation, liquid propane caverns

Abstract: This paper shows how a very simple model of the process dynamics of a LPG cavern may be developed, and demonstrates the applicability of this model. The model is used to simulate the consequences of malfunctioning control equipment during loading of the cavern, to design a simple feed forward control strategy for the feed temperature and to estimate the model parameters from real plant experiments. From these experiments the heat transfer from the vapor phase to the rock and the heat conductivity of the rock itself are estimated. The parameters so obtained are plausible and may be used for further simulations or design and evaluation of similar caverns. The results of the model fitting show that the material balance is accurate within less than 1% while the energy balance is accurate to withon 0.07oC or about 3% of the peak value of the temperature transient during loading.

PDF PDF (2125 Kb)        DOI: 10.4173/mic.1981.2.4





References:
[1] CARSLAW, H.S., JAEGER, J.C. (1959). Conduction of Heat in Solids, Oxford University Press.
[2] DOUGLAS, J.M. (1972). Process Dynamics and Control, Vol. 1, Analysis of Dynamic Systems.Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
[3] Engineering Sciences Data (1975). Item No 75003, London: Engineering Sciences Data Unit Ltd.
[4] HARRIOT, P. (1964). Process Control, New York: McGraw-Hill.
[5] LUYBEN, W.L. (1973). Process Modelling, Simulation and Control for Chemical Engineers, New York: McGraw-Hill.
[6] PERRY, J.H. (editor) (1963). Chemical Engineers Handbook, New York: McGraw-Hill.


BibTeX:
@article{MIC-1981-2-4,
  title={{Pressure Transients and Control in Liquid Propane Caverns}},
  author={Asbjørnsen, Odd A. and Aas, P.H. and Hancke, J.},
  journal={Modeling, Identification and Control},
  volume={2},
  number={2},
  pages={95--106},
  year={1981},
  doi={10.4173/mic.1981.2.4},
  publisher={Norwegian Society of Automatic Control}
};

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