General information about the DOI system can be found here and here. A DOI name is a digital object identifier for any object of intellectual property. A DOI name provides a means of persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related current data in a structured extensible way. DOI was accepted as an ISO standard in 2010.
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If you have ever tried to follow an URL in an article older than 5-10 years, more often than not you will find that the URL is no longer active. The DOI system is an attempt to overcome this deficiency by providing stable and permanent references for intellectual property on the web.

The MIC journal has implemented the DOI system for every single article published in MIC since the foundation year in 1980. The DOI prefix for MIC is 10.4173 and an individual article has been assigned a DOI on the following format: 10.4173/ For example, the first article published in MIC by Oddvar Hallingstad has the following DOI: 10.4173/mic.1980.1.1 and the following permanent URL This permanent URL links back to the website. If the MIC website is moved in the future, the DOI information will be updated to point to the new address.

Another advantage of the DOI system, is the possibility to register all the references in an article in a structured manner. All the references made in MIC articles starting from 1980 have been submitted into the DOI system. The effect is an increased visibility of MIC articles, which again will lead to a wider audience. MIC also participates in the 'cited-by' system, which can be seen for this article. 'cited-by' shows which other papers have included the actual paper in the reference lists.

The MIC class files for pdfLaTeX found in the Author Information have commands for embedding DOI information in the PDF files. Prospective authors for future MIC articles will receive the DOI identification when the article is accepted. Authors are encouraged to embed the tag into the PDF file themselves using pdflatex prior to publication. Authors are also encouraged to embed DOI tags in their reference lists.

Click on the links below to see the external DOI forward links to MIC:
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DOI Forward Links to MIC for Year: 1983

 Total number of MIC articles in 1983  18
 Total number of DOI citations  50
 Average citations per article   2.78 

1983, Vol. 4, No. 4:
1.Bjarne A. FossComposition control of a binary distillation column using multivariable optimal control”, pp. 195-216
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Kurt E. Häggblom and Ramkrishna K. Ghosh (2011), doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-53711-9.50165-6
2.Sjur D. FlåmOptimality in Infinite Horizon Discrete Time Models of Resource Management”, pp. 217-222
3.Ole A. SolheimRobustness Analysis of a Class of Optimal Control Systems”, pp. 223-235
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] R.I. Badr, M.F. Hassan, J. Bernussou and A.Y. Bilal (1989), doi:10.1016/0005-1098(89)90060-5
[2] Olav Egeland (1987), doi:10.4173/mic.1987.3.3
[3] O. Egeland (1986), doi:10.1109/ROBOT.1986.1087605
4.Odd A. AsbjørnsenProject Evaluation and Cash Flow Forecasting by Stochastic Simulation”, pp. 237-254
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Robert W. Grubbström and Jiang Yinzhong (1989), doi:10.1007/BF02085591
[2] O.A. Asbjornsen (1989), doi:10.1016/0098-1354(89)85015-X
[3] O. Andreas Asbiomsen (1991), doi:10.1002/j.2334-5837.1991.tb01490.x
[4] Odd Andreas Asbjornsen (1992), doi:10.1080/10429247.1992.11414683
[5] O.A. Asbjornsen (1993), doi:10.1109/ISUMA.1993.366735
[6] Robert W. Grubbström and Jiang Yinzhong (1991), doi:10.1007/978-3-642-76761-6_4
[7] Odd Andreas Asbjornsen (1998), doi:10.1007/978-1-4615-5473-8_10
1983, Vol. 4, No. 3:
1.Tor OnshusSimulation of a Sponge Iron Production Process”, pp. 125-137
2.Truls Gundersen and Terje Hertzberg, “Partitioning and Tearing of Networks Applied to Process Flowsheeting”, pp. 139-165
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] G.V. Varma, K.H. Lau and D.L. Ulrichson (1993), doi:10.1016/0098-1354(93)80026-J
[2] A. Aspelund, T. Gundersen, J. Myklebust, M.P. Nowak and A. Tomasgard (2010), doi:10.1016/j.compchemeng.2009.10.018
[3] M. Hillestad and T. Hertzberg (1986), doi:10.1016/0098-1354(86)87008-9
[4] J.F. Cordoba (1988), doi:10.1016/0098-1354(88)85010-5
[5] M. Hillestad and T. Hertzberg (1988), doi:10.1016/0098-1354(88)85056-7
[6] J. R. ROACH, B. K. O'NEILL and D. A. HOCKING (1997), doi:10.1080/00986449708936616
[7] Magne Hillestad and Terje Hertzberg (1986), doi:10.4173/mic.1986.3.1
[8] S. LAKSHMINARAYANAN, S. SUBBA RAO and CH. DURGAPRASADA RAO (1992), doi:10.1080/00986449208936028
[9] Fei Zhao, Xi Chen and Lingyu Zhu (2016), doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-63428-3.50167-3
[10] Fei Zhao, Xi Chen and Lingyu Zhu (2017), doi:10.1002/aic.15622
[11] Shamsheer S. Chauhan, John T. Hwang and Joaquim R. R. A. Martins (2018), doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67988-4_7
[12] Andreas Möller and Jan Hedemann (2018), doi:10.1007/978-3-658-20380-1_23
[13] Shamsheer S. Chauhan, John T. Hwang and Joaquim R. R. A. Martins (2018), doi:10.1007/s00158-018-2004-5
[14] Delin Qu, Dengwen Sun, Masaaki Muraki and Toyohiko Hayakawa (1992), doi:10.1252/jcej.25.28
[15] Delin Qu, Dengwen Sun, Masaaki Muraki and Toyohiko Hayakawa (1992), doi:10.1252/jcej.25.527
[16] Andreas Moeller (2015), doi:10.1007/978-3-319-09228-7_18
[17] Ali Baharev, Hermann Schichl, Arnold Neumaier and Tobias Achterberg (2021), doi:10.1145/3446429
[18] Elias Martinez-Hernandez (2022), doi:10.1016/j.dche.2022.100075
[19] B. Lohe and E. Futterer (1994), doi:10.1002/9783527624867.ch3
3.Kåre M. MjeldeProperties of Pareto Optimal Allocations of Resources to Activities”, pp. 167-173
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Kåre M. Mjelde (1986), doi:10.4173/mic.1986.3.4
[2] Waldemar Czuchra (1988), doi:10.1016/0377-2217(88)90458-4
[3] Ephraim Zehavi, Amir Leshem, Ronny Levanda and Zhu Han (2013), doi:10.1109/TSP.2013.2262278
[4] Ephraim Zehavi and Amir Leshem (2017), doi:10.1007/s10614-017-9673-9
4.Tore FlobakkParameter Estimation of Ship Manoeuvring Equations”, pp. 175-194
1983, Vol. 4, No. 2:
1.Gunne J. HegglidAn Adaptive Multivariable Control System for Hydroelectric Generating Units”, pp. 63-81
2.Hannu T. ToivonenMultivariable controller for discrete stochastic amplitude-constrained systems”, pp. 83-93
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] P.M. Mäkilä, T. Westerlund and H.T. Toivonen (1984), doi:10.1016/0005-1098(84)90061-X
[2] A. Królikowski (1995), doi:10.1002/acs.4480090306
[3] P. Makila and H. Toivonen (1987), doi:10.1109/TAC.1987.1104686
3.Sjur D. FlåmHow to Drive a Delayed Response, Stochastic System Close to Equilibrium”, pp. 95-100
4.Kåre M. MjeldeA War of Area Attrition and Aimed Attack Properties of Optimal Strategies”, pp. 101-105
5.Ø. Andreassen and Thor O. Olsen, “Optimal Load Allocation”, pp. 107-116
6.Kåre M. MjeldeComponentwise Fractional Programming with Application to Resource Allocation”, pp. 117-123
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] I.M. Stancu-Minasian (1992), doi:10.1080/02331939208843744
1983, Vol. 4, No. 1:
1.Johnny Bardal and Ole Ø. Ørpen, “GPS Performance in Marine Applications”, pp. 1-23
2.Kåre M. Mjelde and S. Fjeld, “Resource Allocation by Convex Monotonous Programming Application to an Otec Energy Production Platform”, pp. 25-31
3.Steinar Sælid and Nils A. Jenssen, “Adaptive ship autopilot with wave filter”, pp. 33-45
DOI forward links to this article:
[1] Wang Xian-zhou and Xu Han-zhen (2006), doi:10.1007/s11804-006-0031-x
[2] Trygve Lauvdal and Thor I. Fossen (1996), doi:10.4173/mic.1996.2.4
[3] (2011), doi:10.1002/9781119994138.refs
[4] Trygve Lauvdal and Thor I. Fossen (1998), doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1115(199812)12:8<605::AID-ACS516>3.0.CO;2-1
[5] Olav Egeland (1984), doi:10.4173/mic.1984.4.1
[6] Steinar Saelid and Bjarne Foss (1983), doi:10.1109/CDC.1983.269785
[7] Trygve Lauvdal and Thor I. Fossen (1995), doi:10.1016/S1474-6670(17)51680-8
[8] Piotr Borkowski (2018), doi:10.3390/a11090130
[9] Rui Wu and Jialu Du (2019), doi:10.1007/s12555-018-0733-2
[10] Lijun Wang, Nikolaos I. Xiros and Eleftherios K. Loghis (2019), doi:10.1007/s11804-019-00116-3
[11] (2021), doi:10.1002/9781119575016.ref
[12] Chunyu Song, Xianku Zhang and Guoqing Zhang (2022), doi:10.3390/jmse10091210
4.Ole A. Solheim and Ulf Stenhaug, “Disturbance Error Reduction in Multivariable Optimal Control Systems”, pp. 47-62