**Page description appears here**

“The Arctic DP Research Project: Effective Stationkeeping in Ice”

Authors: Roger Skjetne, Lars Imsland and Sveinung Løset,
Affiliation: NTNU, Department of Marine Technology, NTNU, Department of Engineering Cybernetics and NTNU
Reference: 2014, Vol 35, No 4, pp. 191-210.

     Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict


Keywords: Arctic oil and gas; Arctic offshore operations; Dynamic Positioning; Ice Management; Ice surveillance; Icebreakers

Abstract: Stress on the environment from a potentially growing energy use is set to rise. Without doubt the energy resources in Arctic regions will be developed. An important goal will be to exploit the resources offered by for instance the Barents Sea as a new European energy province, and to do this in accordance with the principles of sustainable development that have successfully been used e.g. in the North Sea. The special edition of MIC on Arctic DP presents a set of articles that summarize to an extent the activities of the research project Arctic DP: Safe and green dynamic positioning operations of offshore vessels in an Arctic environment. This project was awarded in 2010 by the Research Council of Norway (RCN) as a competence-building project (KMB project) to NTNU and its partners Kongsberg Maritime, DNV GL, and Statoil. The objective was to target some of the challenges related to safe Arctic offshore operations by dynamic positioning. In this first article of the Arctic DP special edition we discuss the background for and establishment of the project, its planning and execution, and project closure. An overview is given for the scientific and engineering research performed in the project, with an account of what we have considered as Effective stationkeeping in ice by dynamic positioning. The corresponding research activities conducted under this main theme is summarized.

PDF PDF (13937 Kb)        DOI: 10.4173/mic.2014.4.1



DOI forward links to this article:
  [1] Zhengru Ren, Roger Skjetne and Øivind Käre Kjerstad (2015), doi:10.1016/j.ifacol.2015.10.288
  [2] Morten Breivik, Stig Kvaal and Per Østby (2015), doi:10.1016/j.ifacol.2016.01.001
  [3] Oivind Kare Kjerstad and Roger Skjetne (2016), doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2016.2553719
  [4] Zhengru Ren and Roger Skjetne (2016), doi:10.1016/j.ifacol.2016.10.351


References:
[1] Berg, T.E. (2012). Summary report – RCN project no, 188913/I40: Construction and intervention vessel for Arctic conditions. Report, MARINTEK, Trondheim, Norway.
[2] Berg, T.E., Berge, B.O., Hoenninen, S., Suojanen, R.A., and Borgen, H. (2011). Design considerations for an arctic intervention vessel, In In Proc. OTC Arctic Technology Conf., volume OTC-22078. Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, USA. doi:10.4043/22078-MS
[3] Berntsen, P. I.B. (2008). Structural Reliability Based Position Mooring, PhD thesis, Norwegian Univ. Science & Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
[4] Borhaug, E., Pavlov, A., and Pettersen, K.Y. (2008). Integral LOS control for path following of underactuated marine surface vessels in the presence of constant ocean currents, In Proc. IEEE Conf. Decision & Control. pages 4984--4991, 2008. doi:10.1109/CDC.2008.4739352
[5] Eik, K.J. (2010). Ice Management in Arctic Offshore Operations and Field Developments, PhD thesis, Norwegian Univ. Science & Technology, Trondheim, Norway. http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:403006/FULLTEXT02.pdf.
[6] Geology.com. (2014). Oil and natural gas resources of the arctic, 2014. http://geology.com/articles/arctic-oil-and-gas.
[7] Haugen, J. (2014). Autonomous Aerial Ice Observation, Ph.D. thesis, Norwegian Univ. Science & Technology.
[8] Haugen, J., Grotli, E.I., and Imsland, L. (2012). State Estimation of Ice-Thickness Distribution Using Mobile Sensors, In Proc. IEEE Multi-Conf. Systems and Control. Dubrovnik, Croatia, pages 336--343. doi:10.1109/CCA.2012.6402649
[9] Haugen, J. and Imsland, L. (2013). Optimization-Based Autonomous Remote Sensing of Surface Objects Using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, In Proc. European Control Conf. Zurich, Switzerland, pages 1242--1249, 2013. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6669610.
[10] Haugen, J. and Imsland, L. (2013). UAV Path Planning for Multitarget Tracking with Experiments, In Proc. IFAC Workshop Research, Education and Development Unmanned Aerial Systems. Compi`egne, France, pages 316--323, 2013. doi:10.3182/20131120-3-FR-4045.00061
[11] Haugen, J. and Imsland, L. (2014). Autonomous aerial ice observation for ice defense, Modeling, Identification and Control, 2014. 35(4):279--291. doi:10.4173/mic.2014.4.5
[12] Haugen, J. and Imsland, L. (2014). Monitoring an advection-diffusion process using aerial mobile sensors, Unmanned Systems, 2014. Submitted.
[13] Haugen, J. and Imsland, L. (2014). Monitoring moving objects using aerial mobile sensors, IEEE Trans. Ctrl. Sys. Tech., 2014. Accepted.
[14] Haugen, J., Imsland, L., Loset, S., and Skjetne, R. (2011). Ice observer system for ice management operations, In Int. Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Eng. Conf. (ISOPE), volume21. Maui, Hawaii.
[15] Jenssen, N.A., Hals, T., Jochmann, P., Haase, A., dal Santo, X., Kerkeni, S., Doucy, O., Gurtner, A., Hetschel, S.S., Moslet, P.O., Metrikin, I., and Loset, S. (2012). DYPIC - a multi-national R&D project on dp technology in ice, In Dynamic Positioning Conf. Marine Tech. Soc., Houston, USA, 2012. http://www.dynamic-positioning.com/dp2012/arctic_jochmann.pdf.
[16] Jorgensen, U. and Skjetne, R. (2015). Online reconstruction of drifting underwater ice topography: The 2D case, Asian J. of Control. Accepted for publication.
[17] Keinonen, A., Wells, H., Dunderdale, P., Pilkington, R., Miller, G., and Brovin, A. (2000). Dynamic positioning operation in ice, offshore sakhalin, may - june 1999, In Int. Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Eng. Conf. (ISOPE), volume1. Int. Soc. Offshore and Polar Eng., pages 683--690.
[18] Kerkeni, S., Metrikin, I., and Jochmann, P. (2013). Capability plots of dynamic positioning in ice, In Proc. Int. Conf. Ocean, Offshore & Arctic Eng., volume6. American Soc. Mech. Eng., Nantes, France. doi:10.1115/OMAE2013-10912
[19] Kjerstad, K. and Skjetne, R. (2014). Modeling and control for dynamic positioned marine vessels in drifting managed sea ice, Modeling, Identification and Control. 35(4):249--262. doi:10.4173/mic.2014.4.3
[20] Kjerstad, O.K. (2014). Identifying and handling managed ice challenges for dynamic positioning control systems development, Presentation at NFA Servomotet. http://www.nfaplassen.no/arrangementer/servomotet-2014.
[21] Kjerstad, O.K., Metrikin, I., Loset, S., and Skjetne, R. (2015). Experimental and phenomenological investigation of dynamic positioning in managed ice, Cold Regions Sci. and Tech.. In review.
[22] Kjerstad, O.K. and Skjetne, R. (2012). Observer design with disturbance rejection by acceleration feedforward, In Proc. IFAC Symp. Robust Control Design, volume7. IFAC, Aalborg, Denmark. http://www.ifac-papersonline.net/Detailed/53407.html, doi:10.3182/20120620-3-DK-2025.00157
[23] Kjerstad, O.K., Skjetne, R., and Berge, B.O. (2013). Constrained nullspace-based thrust allocation for heading prioritized stationkeeping of offshore vessels in ice, In Proc. Int. Conf. Port Ocean Eng. Arctic Conditions. Espoo, Finland.
[24] Kjerstad, O.K., Skjetne, R., and Jenssen, N.A. (2011). Disturbance rejection in dynamic systems by use of acceleration feedforward: Application to dynamic positioning, In Proc. IFAC World Congress Automatic Control, volume18. IFAC, Milano, Italy. doi:10.3182/20110828-6-IT-1002.03454
[25] Metrikin, I. (2014). A software framework for simulating stationkeeping of a vessel in discontinuous ice, Modeling, Identification and Control. 35(4):211--248. doi:10.4173/mic.2014.4.2
[26] Metrikin, I., Kerkeni, S., Jochmann, P., and Loset, S. (2013). Experimental and numerical investigation of dynamic positioning in level ice, In Proc. Int. Conf. Ocean, Offshore & Arctic Eng., volume6. American Soc. Mech. Eng., Nantes, France. doi:10.1115/OMAE2013-10910
[27] Metrikin, I. and Loset, S. (2013). Nonsmooth 3d discrete element simulation of a drillship in discontinuous ice, In Proc. Int. Conf. Port Ocean Eng. Arctic Conditions, volume22. Espoo, Finland. http://www.poac.com/Papers/2013/pdf/POAC13_051.pdf.
[28] Moran, K., Backman, J., and Farrell, J.W. (2006). Deepwater drilling in the Arctic Ocean’s permanent sea ice, Proc. Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. 302. doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.302.106.2006
[29] Norsk Forening for Automatisering. (2014). Servomotet, Norwegian Soc. Automatic Control, Kongsberg, Norway. http://www.nfaplassen.no/arrangementer/servomotet-2014, Visited 06.12.2014.
[30] Orsten, A. (2014). Automatic Reliability-based Control of Iceberg Towing in Open Waters, MSc thesis, Norwegian Univ. Science & Technology, Trondheim, Norway. http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?dswid=-5115&pid=diva2\%3A746614.
[31] Orsten, A., Norgren, P., and Skjetne, R. (2014). LOS guidance for towing an iceberg along a straight-line path, In Proc. IAHR Int. Symp. on Ice. IAHR, Singapore.
[32] Skjetne, R. and Kjerstad, O.K. (2013). Recursive nullspace-based control allocation with strict prioritization for marine craft, In Proc. IFAC Conf. Contr. Appl. Marine Systems, volume9. IFAC, Osaka, Japan, pages 49--54. doi:10.3182/20130918-4-JP-3022.00052
[33] Su, B., Kjerstad, O.K., Skjetne, R., and Berg, T.E. (2013). Ice-going capability assessment and DP-Ice Capability Plot for a double acting intervention vessel in level ice, In Proc. Int. Conf. Port Ocean Eng. Arctic Conditions. Espoo, Finland.
[34] Su, B., Skjetne, R., and Berg, T.E. (2014). Numerical assessment of a double-acting offshore vessel's performance in level ice with experimental comparison, Cold Regions Sci. and Tech.. 106-107(0):96--109. doi:10.1016/j.coldregions.2014.06.012
[35] Sundland, M.N. (2013). Guidance and control of iceberg towing operation in open water, with experimental testing, MSc thesis, Norwegian Univ. Science & Technology, Trondheim, Norway. http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2\%3A648691&dswid=-5115.
[36] Zhang, Q. and Skjetne, R. (2014). Image techniques for identifying sea-ice parameters, Modeling, Identification and Control. 35(4):293--300. doi:10.4173/mic.2014.4.6
[37] Zhang, Q. and Skjetne, R. (2015). Image processing for identification of sea-ice floes and the floe size distributions, IEEE Trans. Geoscience Remote Sensing. 54. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2014.2366640
[38] Zhang, Q., Skjetne, R., Loset, S., and Marchenko, A. (2012). Digital image processing for sea ice observations in support to arctic dp operations, In Proc. Int. Conf. Ocean, Offshore & Arctic Eng., volume31. American Soc. Mech. Eng., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2012. doi:10.1115/OMAE2012-83860
[39] Zhang, Q., Skjetne, R., Metrikin, I., and Loset, S. (2015). Image processing for ice floe analyses in broken-ice model testing, Cold Regions Sci. and Tech.. Accepted.
[40] Zhang, Q., Skjetne, R., and Su, B. (2013). Automatic image segmentation for boundary detection of apparently connected sea-ice floes, In Proc. Int. Conf. Port Ocean Eng. Arctic Conditions. Espoo, Finland.
[41] Zhang, Q., vander Werff, S., Metrikin, I., Loset, S., and Skjetne, R. (2012). Image processing for the analysis of an evolving broken-ice field in model testing, In Proc. Int. Conf. Ocean, Offshore & Arctic Eng., volume31. American Soc. Mech. Eng., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2012. doi:10.1115/OMAE2012-84117


BibTeX:
@article{MIC-2014-4-1,
  title={{The Arctic DP Research Project: Effective Stationkeeping in Ice}},
  author={Skjetne, Roger and Imsland, Lars and Løset, Sveinung},
  journal={Modeling, Identification and Control},
  volume={35},
  number={4},
  pages={191--210},
  year={2014},
  doi={10.4173/mic.2014.4.1},
  publisher={Norwegian Society of Automatic Control}
};

News

May 2016: MIC reaches 2000 DOI Forward Links. The first 1000 took 34 years, the next 1000 took 2.5 years.


July 2015: MIC's new impact factor is now 0.778. The number of papers published in 2014 was 21 compared to 15 in 2013, which partially explains the small decrease in impact factor.


Aug 2014: For the 3rd year in a row MIC's impact factor increases. It is now 0.826.


Dec 2013: New database-driven web-design enabling extended statistics. Article number 500 is published and MIC reaches 1000 DOI Forward Links.


Jan 2012: Follow MIC on your smartphone by using the RSS feed.

Smartphone


July 2011: MIC passes 1000 ISI Web of Science citations.


Mar 2010: MIC is now indexed by DOAJ and has received the Sparc Seal seal for open access journals.


Dec 2009: A MIC group is created at LinkedIn and Twitter.


Oct 2009: MIC is now fully updated in ISI Web of Knowledge.